Treatment of toenail fungus folk remedies should begin at an early stage of nail plate damage. The sooner measures are taken to eliminate the disease, the more effective the therapy will be. In advanced cases, the use of pharmaceutical preparations is recommended, traditional medicine can only supplement the treatment.
To get rid of the fungus, herbs, soda, boric acid, hydrogen peroxide and other means are used. Herbal tinctures and essential oils are no less effective.
Fungus on the feet or onychomycosis always start with damage to the nail plate of the thumb. Yellow spots and streaks appear first. The disease develops slowly, so this phase can last a very long time, up to several months. Then begins the change of the nail plate - it thickens and deforms. From the big toe, the fungal infection gradually spreads to other nails. The severe form of the disease is manifested by a pronounced deformation of the nail plates, a change in the color and structure of the nails, secretions and a sharp unpleasant odor.
The fungal infection also spreads to the interdigital spaces. This is manifested by redness and peeling of the skin between the fingers. Due to the decrease in local immunity, there is a risk of secondary infection. In this case, a rash appears on the affected area, itching and swelling of the skin occur.
Fungi on the hands are quite rare. In this case, self-infection can occur if a person does not follow the rules of hygiene when treating toenails affected by the fungus. The pathogenic microflora penetrates under the nail plates on the hands and may not be felt for a long time. The process of destroying nails takes longer than with diseases of the feet. Constant contact with water and profuse sweating of the palms can accelerate the growth of pathogenic microflora. The ideal environment for the development of fungi is moist skin, while the pathogen develops faster in hot environments.
Wearing socks, tight shoes and inadequate foot hygiene contribute to the development of foot disease. Hands, on the other hand, are usually not restrained by gloves and are more often in contact with household chemicals and soap, which slows down the spread of fungi.
Rules of treatment
Fungus on the feet at home needs to be treated in a comprehensive way. In addition to using homemade solutions and ointments, foot baths are definitely needed. They act both as an auxiliary and as the main medicine, help to evaporate and soften the nail plates, provide antiseptic treatment and skin hygiene.
A foot bath prepares the nails for the application of healing drugs. After the feet have evaporated, be sure to remove their healed areas. In case of serious damage, when the deformation of the upper layer of the nail plate begins, you must use a nail file.
It is important to use disposable manicure tools. Fungal spores reach the surface of scissors and nail files, so their reuse without disinfection can lead to infection of healthy nails.
The parted nail plate needs to be carefully processed not only along the edge, but also along the top. This will help remove the softened areas and allow better penetration of the medicine.
Patients often complain that the treatment of fungus on the thumb is not successful. This is due to a violation of the rules of personal hygiene. Fungal spores remain on clothes, socks, towels, bathroom surfaces, or anything that comes into contact with the affected area. The pathogenic microflora is very resistant to household chemicals. With improper or insufficient processing, the fungus remains viable for several months. After treatment, a person can become infected again by contact with clothing or footwear with spores.
At the time of treatment, it is recommended to assign two sets of clothes, shoes, towels, socks and bedding. It is necessary to carry out a comprehensive antiseptic treatment of things that the patient was in contact with during the day. It is recommended to cook socks, towels and bedding, and then iron or steam iron. It is better to use special sprays and antiseptic solutions to treat shoes.
Therefore, effective treatment is possible only if the person has learned a few rules:
- nail bath is not a whim, but a necessary preparatory and medical procedure;
- disposable manicure instruments are used for successful treatment;
- shoes and clothes are disinfected daily.
Treating nail fungus is a long process. You need to be patient, because it will not be possible to completely overcome the infection at once. You must use home remedies in the course.
Various antiseptics are used to prepare baths. This procedure has two goals at once - to evaporate the feet, prepare them for the application of drugs and prevent the spread of fungal flora on healthy nails. You can use any recipe, most importantly, regularly:
- Collect 4 liters of hot water in the sink, pour 50 ml of celandine oil into the water.
- Dissolve three tablespoons of laundry soap shavings in a glass of water. Add two tablespoons of baking soda, stirring until completely dissolved. Pour the resulting solution into a bowl with warm water.
- The simplest recipe: add half a cup of salt and soda to a bowl of hot water. The product fights fungal infections well, but it has one significant drawback - it dries out the skin of the feet. After bathing, it is recommended to apply any greasy cream on the feet.
- Add a tablespoon of soda and salt to a bowl of water, squeeze the juice of half a lemon. You can use lemon essential oil (7-10 drops).
- Add 20 ml of iodine solution to the water.
- Alcoholic tincture of propolis effectively fights fungus. On average, a tablespoon of tincture is taken for every liter of hot water.
- Calamus root has antiseptic and fungicidal action. Two tablespoons of the root chopped with a knife should be boiled for 20 minutes in a glass of water and then left for three hours. The broth is filtered and added to a bowl of hot water.
- You can use pine needles or celandine grass. In the first case, two glasses of needles are needed for a glass of water. Dried celandine is used. Add 4-5 tablespoons of raw materials to 4-5 liters of water.
- Another effective recipe: 5 tablespoons of laundry soap shavings and one tablespoon of iodine.
- Boric acid is widely used for healing. In the foot bath it is necessary to add a solution of boric acid in the amount of one tablespoon of the product for each liter of water.
Foot baths should be done daily for 15-20 minutes. The procedure is best performed before bedtime. The bath is a preparatory phase before applying strong agents, but can be used to prevent fungal infection after visiting public places with high humidity.
Soda and salt
You can remove the fungus from an adult with simple and affordable means. Salt is used as an antiseptic, while baking soda has antifungal action. For the treatment of fungi in children, this method cannot be used because these substances greatly dry out the skin. Babies can be irritated.
The fastest way to get rid of the fungus is with baking soda paste. To prepare it, mix it with water in equal proportions. The product is applied to each nail for 10 minutes. For convenience, you can use transparent foil. After the procedure, the feet should be washed with soap-free water.
You can treat your nails with the following solution. Mix a teaspoon of baking soda, salt and iodine, add 2 tablespoons of water. Moisten a cotton swab in the resulting product and apply on each affected nail for 5 minutes.
An excellent remedy for fungus, time-tested, is soda and vinegar. Other ingredients are needed to prepare the medicine. It is necessary to grate a quarter of a bar of laundry soap and dissolve the shavings in 100 ml of warm water. Then add 2 teaspoons to the soapy water. soda and 1 tsp. vinegar. Mix everything thoroughly and apply to the nails with a cotton swab. It is recommended to additionally wrap the wrap with transparent foil. This application should be kept for 15 minutes.
Boric acid treatment
Boric acid is a powerful antiseptic that helps remove nail fungus. It can be applied in several ways:
- Boric acid ointment is applied to each affected nail twice a day, morning and evening. You have to steam your legs before that.
- Boric acid powder is added to the foot bath, which is done every three days at night. Proportions - 20 g of powder per 4 liters of water.
- Application of boric acid solution is performed overnight. To do this, dilute it with water (1: 1) and apply the product with a cotton swab or nail polish brush.
Boric acid treatment is carried out for two weeks. Prolonged use of boric acid causes side effects - nausea, headache, low blood pressure. The product is not used to treat children and pregnant women.
You can treat the nail plates with ordinary hydrogen peroxide. The product can be applied properly. To do this, a cotton swab is moistened in the solution and the nail plates are treated. The fight against peroxide fungi is carried out for two weeks. In the first of them it is better to apply a clear solution, in the second to mix it with water. This method of application will help to avoid the development of side effects that occur during long-term treatment.
Peroxide can be added to foot baths. Proportions - a tablespoon per liter of water.
All of the above ways to fight fungus have a significant drawback - they severely dry the skin. This causes discomfort, peeling, irritation of the periungual folds. A simple homemade ointment will help solve the problem. To prepare it, you will need:
- buckthorn oil;
- table vinegar;
- one egg.
It is necessary to mix a tablespoon of oil and vinegar with the egg. You can only use egg yolks - this will make the fat more nutritious. This mixture is applied daily before bedtime. The course of treatment lasts about three weeks. It is necessary to apply the product until the symptoms completely disappear. Homemade ointment perfectly softens the skin, vinegar destroys fungi, and buckthorn oil stimulates the regeneration of affected nail plates.
Tinctures and oils
You can lubricate the nail plates with an alcoholic tincture of propolis. This agent has an antiseptic effect and strengthens local immunity. For effective treatment, treatment should be carried out three times a day. The tincture is applied with a cotton ball or nail polish brush. It will be convenient to use the product after pouring it into an empty varnish bottle. You do not have to rinse the product.
You can buy celandine oil at the pharmacy. This drug is poisonous, but fights fungus well. If you use the oil properly, there will be no side effects, and no fungus will remain in just 10-14 days. The oil is pipetted. Before applying the product, it is necessary to steam the feet and remove the affected layer of the nail plate. Celandine oil should be used at night.
Tea tree oil is a powerful natural antiseptic. The product has a fungicidal effect. The oil should be applied to the nails before bedtime. You don't have to rinse.
Another effective treatment is the use of lemon oil. The product can be added to baths, compresses or applied neatly. To prepare the bath, use 10 drops of oil per 4 liters of water. You can add 5 drops of oil in 50 ml of water, soak a gauze compress in the solution and apply on the nails for 15 minutes. Apply carefully in pure form. Just one drop is enough for nail treatment. The product is applied with a pipette or brush, held for 20 minutes, and then rinsed with water.
Treatment of fungal nail plates should be carried out daily. On average, the course lasts about three weeks. It is recommended to continue treatment for a week after the symptoms have disappeared. To prevent re-infection, baths and compresses are used 2 times a week.